Ceiling joists are mostly made using wood, but they also come in other materials such as composite wood (an engineered wood type) and steel, etc. The pressure and weight of the roof normally cause a lot of stress to your property. The pressing weight often causes walls to shift if ceiling joists are not present for support.
So, ceiling joists are horizontal frame members spanning your home. Ceiling joists are important for transferring the load from your roof to the studs. This is why building codes require builders to use ceiling joists in a building to make it habitable.
Keep reading to find out more about ceiling joists and how they run.
Here’s How Ceiling Joists Run:
How your ceiling joists run generally depends on your home’s roofing system. For the most part, ceiling joists should run parallel beneath the roof rafters. Joists running in this direction ensure that the walls of your house don’t reposition or spread. Usually, this direction goes across the narrower width of the house. The joists may run in several directions in more complex roofing systems.
In most homes, the roofing system consists of a straightforward ceiling built with truss construction and rafters. In such a case, the ceiling joists usually run in the same direction as your roof rafters. In simple words, ceiling joists run parallel to the rafters in homes with roof rafters.
Typically, construction trusses and roof rafters run across the shorter width of a room or interior space. Since ceiling joists happen to tie the ends of the rafters together, they also run in the same direction.
However, ceiling joists can run in other directions, depending on the roofing system. You may want to take out some of the ceiling material to determine the direction. For instance, pulling back insulation will be necessary if you have an attic in your house.
In the case of chipped roofs, the ceiling joists will mostly run parallel to one another. However, some may even have joists running perpendicular to ceiling joists placed in the center of the structure. These are usually under the hip ends.
Gable and valley roofs are used on ‘L’ and ‘T’ structures. For these, ceiling joists over various directions run in directions opposite to one another. Structures shaped like a circle, hexagon, and octagon come with ceiling joists either running parallel to one another or in the direction of the rafters.
How Do You Know Which Way Your Ceiling Joists Run?
Homeowners need to know how the floor and ceiling joists run. This knowledge especially becomes helpful when remodeling the house. Any changes to the house’s structure that involve removing the walls or opening up space are directly related to this important detail.
If you don’t know the direction of your ceiling joists, you may end up tearing the wrong ones. This problem in itself can cause many further consequences. Why? Well, the structures play an important role in bearing pressure and weight.
But it is not always easy to tell which way your ceiling joists run. Generally, these structures run parallel to the roof rafters in an interior space. For more complex roofing, you might need to pull back insulation to find the direction of the joists.
How Do I Find Ceiling Joists?
Ceiling joists are an incredibly important detail that has a huge impact on the structure of the house. This means that the removal of walls for opening space is directly related to this.
There are two main types of ceiling joists: exposed and hidden.
- Exposed ceiling joists: As the name suggests, exposed ceiling joists serve a practical purpose while also adding aesthetic value to your property. Exposed joists are especially great to add a rustic look and feel.
- Hidden ceiling joists: Hidden ceiling joists are the standard version that you will find in most homes. While they serve practical purposes, these also prove helpful in hiding or covering up ceiling boards and wiring.
While it may seem like these do little to support the structure of your home, ceiling joists are extremely important for the role they play.
There are two common ways of finding ceiling joints: the flashlight method and the stud finder method.
Use a ladder to reach the ceiling. Then, hold a flashlight at an obtuse angle to the ceiling, making the light run horizontal to the ceiling boards.
Now you will want to look for dimples in the paintwork. Dimples in paintwork are the points where nails hold boards to the ceiling joists. Next up, you can use a measuring tape to find how far away the ceiling joists are spaced.
Stud Finder Method
For this method, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s manual for your specific stud finding product. Using the manual, you can easily calibrate your stud finder.
You can hold it on your ceiling board, a few inches away from a wall that you’re sure doesn’t hold a joist. This helps calibrate the depth to locate joist density.
Then, use a tape measure while running the stud finder about 16 inches away from the wall. Wait until the stud finder lights up, indicating a ceiling joist.
Tip: Once the density of the wall increases, electronic stud finders are able to spot joists and wall studs. They do this wither by flashing light of signaling a tone. Some also come with the option to adjust the wall density. You can simply move the stud finder in different directions until you find the joist.
How Are Ceiling Joists Laid?
The typical wooden ceiling joists are all positioned similarly. The longer face of the joist positions vertically. This position allows excellent structural integrity, offering the ability to hold heavy loads. Steel joists can have various shapes, including ‘I’ and ‘C’ shapes, etc.
According to a rough estimate, you will find ceiling joists between 16 and 24 inches in the center and away from one another. Generally, you should place your ceiling joists directly above the studs. This allows easy installation of pipes and ducts, etc.
Do Ceiling Joists Run in the Same Direction as the Roof Rafters?
Typically, ceiling joists should run parallel to roofing rafters in most homes. This offers steady support, and walls do not generally reposition very easily. However, the direction of ceiling joists can be different from other complex roofing systems.
Which Direction Do Garage Ceiling Joists Run?
The direction of the ceiling joists largely depends on the direction of the roofing systems. This is true for all spaces in a house, including the garage. As the roof rafters usually run across the shorter width of interior space, the joists run parallel to these. In other roofing systems, the ceiling joists may run in different directions.
You must remember that the ceiling joists usually run in the same direction throughout the house. So you may want to check for the direction of ceiling joists in the rest of your house before laying ceiling joists in the garage.
While it may seem like these do little to support the structure of your home, ceiling joists are extremely important for the role they play. They play a crucial role in the stability and health of your building. These structures are useful for shifting the stress from the weight and pressure of the roof. As a result, the presence of ceiling joists ensures that the walls in your home don’t shift due to pressing from the roof. The typical wooden ceiling joists run in the same direction as roof rafters and construction trusses.